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The abstract is one of the most important components of a dissertation. It is presented at the beginning of the dissertation in the introduction. While your work isexamined by an external examiner it is likely to be the first substantive component that comes across. It is an opportunity to set appropriate expectations for the examiner.
An abstract can be highlighted as:
A dissertation aims to answer at one or more research questions. Writing a dissertation as an answer to a research question gives it a proper structure and also helps the reader to understand it more easily.
The research questions are also critical in determining whether the layout of the abstract is coherent and logical. They form the skeleton to which other elements such as arguments, evidences etc. bind. The research questions should be presented somewhere near the beginning of the abstract. There is only room for one to three questions.
Things to keep in mind while writing the Abstract
The dissertation abstract should be thought out as an occasion to broadlymap out the configuration of your dissertation along with its targets such as the overarching concerns, the kind of influence you seek to make, the readers you aim to influence etc. It is a gist of the specific procedures through which you seek to pursue your research.