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In academic curriculums a literary essay is generally a literature analysis/review. It is an evaluation of a work of an existing piece of literature or an aspect of it. Just like any form of analysis, this requires you to break down the subject into its component parts. Examining the different elements of a piece of literature is a process to help you better appreciate and understand the work of literature as a whole.
While analysing literature one should perform the following tasks:
1. Place the analysis in the context of existing literature.
2. Include the interpretation of the major issues in view your topic.
3. Try to resolve conflicts among previouslycontradictory seemingstudies.
4. Describe the relationship of each existing case studied to the one another.
5. Identify new ways to interpret, and cover up any gaps in previous research.
6. Mention which literature made the most significant contribution to the understanding of your topic.
7. Try to understand the beliefs of the author
8. Direct ways for further research on your topic.
The introduction to your literary analysis essay should try to capture your reader’s attention. It should bring an immediate limelightto your subject, by the use of quotations, a provocative question, a short anecdote, a startling statement, or a combination of these. Despite being an essay a literary analysis does contain a thesis statement. A thesis in a literary analysis or review can take many forms. The thesis statement is the establishment of the argument that you intend to make and go on to prove during the course of the analysis. Successful thesis statements provoke thought and also contain elaborate vocabulary unlike the rest of the paper.
The Body is formed of the support paragraphs to the thesis statement of your essay. These paragraphs contain information supporting your argument. Each paragraph in the body includes
(1) A topic sentence
(2) Textual evidence (a.k.a. quotes from your reading) and commentary (a.k.a. explanation)
(3) A concluding sentence, for each point discussed.
Commentary is the section which is the actual analysis. TheCommentary is your interpretation of the textual evidence and your views on it. Commentary showcases the reader what the author of the text meant or how the textual evidence is inaccordance with the topic sentence. Commentary may include personal interpretation, analysis, argument, and/or reflection by the presenter.
Conclusion is the last paragraph in your essay. This paragraph should majorly echothe thesis statement without repeating the words as written before. Then, the conclusion should broaden from the thesis statements to answer the reader’s question of reason behind the analysis.
Your ideas and view should be the centre of your analysis, but your work has to demonstrate its relevance and importance to the subject. The literary review connects your ideas to the ideas expressed by others in your field.
Your paper should not move in order through the literature. The reason for this is A: will cause B:then the analysis to fall into the category of summary. You are analysing the work and should organize the paper into logical points and topics in terms of relevance. References can be quoted but the summarising should not be part of the analysis.
You must assume that the audience is familiar with the background of the work. This is why thestory is not summarised. Your job is to prove your opinion about how the author and/or literature present the themes included. Thus, it must be assumed that the reader already knows what happens, but not why.